After a day full of pressure and hard work, you went to your home and turned on the furnace. But your furnace is producing cold air instead of hot air. There is no doubt that this is one of the most unpleasant experiences you can have. But you bought your furnace a few days ago. Yes, this problem can happen to newly bought furnaces as well. There can be multiple issues behind this problem, but many of them can be solved by you. You need to know when to call an HVAC professional or when you can solve it by yourself. Here are the few reasons behind why your furnace blowing cold air –
Top 5 Reasons Your Furnace Is Blowing Cold Air
1. Thermostat – On
If your furnace blows hot air sometimes and cold air other times, your home is not as warm as you set the temperature, then there is a possibility that your thermostat setting is turned on. In this case, you can fix this problem by yourself and you don't have to call an HVAC professional. This is not like other AC repair situations where you need professional HVAC gears to attend to the AC servicing needs.
When the thermostat setting is on, the furnace blower will run 24/7 whether the furnace is producing hot air or not. The solution to this problem is easy and you need to set the thermostat settings from ON to AUTO. Your problem is solved now and it will blow hot air only.
2. Dirty Air Filter
If your air filter is dirty, then your furnace can blow cold air. Dirty air filter restricts the airflow of your furnace. Restricted airflow causes overheating. When your furnace overheats, due to the mechanism of the furnace, it will blow cold air. Furnaces have a limit switch safety control device that shuts down the burners when it is overheated. But the fan keeps running to lower furnace temperature. In this case, turn off your furnace and then check if the air filter is dirty or not. If you find your air filters are dirty, then change it. It is important to remember that regular overheating will damage your heat exchanger and in the worst-case scenario you will have to replace your furnace.
You need to call an HVAC professional for this problem if you don't feel you can do it by yourself.
3. Ignition Not Working
Your gas furnace is not producing hot air; there may be a problem in your ignition system. In this case, your gas furnace cannot light the fuel and because of that, it cannot blow hot air. You can confirm this problem with the following steps:
1. Check the manual book on how to ignite your model's pilot light.
2. Relight the furnace pilot light. If the flame stays on, your furnace is alright but if it doesn’t, you may have a thermocouple problem. In this case, it requires adjustment or replacement.
Again, if you are not confident in doing all these technical works, you should call an HVAC professional to check if your furnace ignition is working or not.
4. Faulty Gas Valve
Cannot relight the pilot? There is a high chance that your gas valve has a fault. If your furnace hasn’t gone through cleaning, the gas valve will not work because of dirt. You will have to clean the gas valve to ensure gas flow.
5. Out of Fuel
If your furnace is oil-fired then the oil tank of your furnace may be empty. Because of that, your blower will continuously circulate cold air instead of hot air even after there is no oil to burn. In this case, you will have to refuel your furnace tank.
See the summary of this article here – 4 Reasons Behind Your Furnace Blowing Cold Air [Infographic]
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